A sports injury refers to any number of injuries or conditions that a patient may experience as the result of participation in sports, physical activities or general exercises. Sports injuries, including those of the foot an ankle, can vary greatly in severity and occurrence.
Accidents, poor training practices and improper gear are all causes of sports injuries.
Common sports injuries of the foot and ankle include:
• Ankle sprains
• Stress fractures
• Ankle ligament tears
• Ankle instability
• Peroneal tendon injuries
Symptoms of sports injuries of the foot and ankle will vary greatly depending on the specific injury. With some conditions, the symptoms may not be noticeable at first, but may arise and worsen with continued overuse of the foot or ankle.
Symptoms may also be more noticeable during activities involved with the foot or ankle and may subside during rest. In more serious cases, such as trauma to the foot or ankle, symptoms will be immediate.
Symptoms of sports injuries to the foot and ankle may include:
• Pain, severe or dull
• Swelling and bruising
• Stiffness and restricted mobility
Depending on the severity of your injury, your doctor will typically begin diagnosis of the foot or ankle with a physical examination. The doctor will look for swelling and tenderness, as well as your range of motion and signs of pain. In some cases, imaging tests may be required to confirm the diagnosis, these may include:
• Bone scan
• CT scan (computerized tomography)
• MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
Treatment for sports injuries of the foot and ankle will depend on the type of injury. Mild conditions may respond well to immobilization and rest. Certain medications may help reduce the pain. Physical therapy may also be used as a treatment option, including the use of a walking boot or crutches to keep weight off of the foot or ankle.
In cases that are more severe or those that include trauma, treatment of injuries may require surgery. Continued physical therapy may also be required as part of the rehabilitation plan following a surgical procedure.
The doctors of The Institute for Foot and Ankle Reconstruction at Mercy can diagnose the severity of sports related injury to the foot and ankle and help patients determine what treatments are best for their needs.