Achilles tendonitis, or Achilles tendinitis, is an overuse injury of the tendon that connects the calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to the heel bone. This tendon, or band of tissue, is known as the Achilles tendon and is used in walking, running and jumping, among other activities.
Achilles tendonitis is caused by repetitive or intense strain on the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendonitis is common among runners and related athletes.
Achilles tendonitis may cause the tendon to swell and become inflamed. The result is typically pain which begins as a mild ache. More severe pain may result from continued use. Tenderness and stiffness may also be symptoms of Achilles tendonitis.
Your doctor will start diagnosis of Achilles tendonitis with physical exam. In some cases, imaging tests may be necessary to confirm your condition. The imaging tests may include:
• MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
Most cases of Achilles tendonitis can be treated with self-care measures. This might include a change in lifestyle habits, such as proper exercise and stretching. If cases are more severe, medications, physical therapy, or shock wave therapy may be prescribed by your doctor.
The most severe cases of Achilles tendonitis may require surgery in order to remove or repair inflamed tissue. The doctors of The Institute for Foot and Ankle Reconstruction at Mercy will help patients determine the severity of their condition and the treatment plan that is right for them.